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The simulation of annual daylight illuminance distributions - a state-of-the-art comparison of six RADIANCE-based methods

: Reinhart, C.F.; Herkel, S.


Energy and buildings 32 (2000), No.2, pp.167-187
ISSN: 0378-7788
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()

The present work discusses simulation results of annual indoor illuminance distributions for two office geometries situated in Freiburg, Germany, calculated with six different RADIANCE-based daylight simulation methods.
The simulation results reveal that the accuracy of an annual daylight simulation method is not necessarily coupled with the required simulation time. The quality of an annual simulation rather depends on the underlying sky luminous efficacy model and whether the method considers the hourly mean direct and diffuse illuminances for each time period explicitly.
The two methods relying on daylight coefficients exhibit the lowest relative root mean square errors (RMSEs) for the straightforward office geometry. The results for the advanced office show that internal illuminance contributions due to external ground reflections are only considered by the new method.