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Small cleavable adapters enhance the specific cytotoxicity of a humanized immunotoxin directed against CD64-positive cells

 
: Hetzel, C.; Bachran, C.; Fischer, R.; Fuchs, H.; Barth, S.; Stocker, M.

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Journal of immunotherapy 31 (2008), No.4, pp.370-376
ISSN: 1524-9557
ISSN: 1053-8550
ISSN: 1537-4513
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Abstract
The most potent immunotoxins (ITs) developed to date contain bacterial or plant cytotoxic components. As these are potentially immunogenic in man, human proteins are preferred for the long-term treatment of cancer. We have developed the first humanized IT for the treatment of CD64(+) malignancies such as acute myeloid leukemia. The bacterially expressed IT is composed of a humanized anti-CD64 single chain fragment [h22(scFv)] genetically fused to the human RNase angiogenin. As angiogenin lacks a dedicated translocation domain responsible for the higher potency of bacterial and plant-derived toxins, we have incorporated a recombinant adapter that contains a synthetic translocation domain flanked by proteolytically cleavable endosomal and cytosolic consensus sites. Although insertion of the adapter increased the cytotoxicity by up to 20-fold, serum stability was markedly reduced. Therefore, we designed a modified adapter variant with the endosomal-cleavable peptide deleted. The IT containing the truncated adapter showed significantly higher cytotoxicity than the adapter-free IT and superior serum stability to facilitate the potential applications in patients.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-74111.html