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Overcoming kinetic limitations of electron injection in the dye solar cell via coadsorption and FRET

 
: Siegers, C.; Würfel, U.; Zistler, M.; Gores, H.; Hohl-Ebinger, J.; Hinsch, A.; Haag, R.

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ChemPhysChem 9 (2008), No.5, pp.793-798
ISSN: 1439-4235
ISSN: 1439-7641
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()

Abstract
A new, extremely simple concept for the use of energy transfer as a means to the enhancement of light absorption and current generation in the dye solar cell (DSC) is presented. This model study is based upon a carboxy-functionalized 4-aminonaphthalimide dye (carboxy-fluorol) as donor, and (NBu4)(2)[Ru(dcbpy)(2)( ) (NCS)(2)] (N719) as acceptor chromophores. A set of three different devices is assembled containing either exclusively carboxy-fluorol or N719, or a mixture of both. This set of transparent devices is characterized via IV-measurements under AM1.5G and monochromatic illumination and their light-harvesting and external quantum efficiencies (LHE and EQE, respectively) are determined as well. It is shown that the device containing only the donor chromophore has a marginal power conversion efficiency, thus indicating that carboxy-fluorol is a poor sensitizer for the DSC. Cyclovoltametric measurements show that the poor sensitization ability arises from the kinetic inhibition of electron injection into the TiO2 conduction bond. Comparing the spectral properties of: the DSCs assembled presently, however, demonstrates that light absorbed by carboxy-fluorol is almost quantitatively contributing to the photocurrent if N719 is present as an additional sensitizer. In this case, N719 acts as a catalyst for the sensitization of TiO2, by carboxy-fluorol in addition to being a photosensitizer. Evaluation of the maximum output power under blue illumination shows that the introduction of an energy-donor moiety via coad-sorption, leads to a significant increase in the monochromatic maximum output power. This result demonstrates that energy transfer between coadsorbed chromophores could be useful for the generation of current in dye-sensitized solar cells.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-74091.html