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Experimental and numerical analysis of in-plane and out-of-plane crack tip constraint characterization by secondary fracture parameters

: Hebel, J.; Hohe, J.; Friedmann, V.; Siegele, D.


International Journal of Fracture 146 (2007), No.3, pp.173-188
ISSN: 0376-9429
ISSN: 1573-2673
ISSN: 0020-7268
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ()
elastic plastic fracture mechanics; mechanic; crack tip constraint effect; two-parameter-concept; transferability

In this study, several two-parameter-concepts are analyzed experimentally and numerically with respect to their capability of characterizing in-plane and out-of-plane crack tip constraint effects. Different approaches utilizing the second term T-stress of the linear-elastic crack tip stress field, a higher term A(2) of the power-law hardening crack tip stress field, a hydrostatic correction term Q for a reference stress field or the local triaxiality parameter h are compared. Experimental results for a pressure vessel steel 22Ni-MoCr3-7 are investigated by means of the different approaches regarding their capability of constraint characterization for enhanced transferability. Theoretical aspects are investigated in a modified boundary layer analysis and in three-dimensional nonlinear elastic-plastic finite element analyses of the specimens. It is found that, with respect to their capability of quantifying combined in-plane and out-of-plane constraint effects, the investigated concepts differ significantly.