Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Quantitative evaluation of elastic properties of nano-crystalline nickel using atomic force acoustic microscopy

: Kopycinska-Müller, M.; Caron, A.; Hirsekorn, M.; Rabe, U.; Natter, H.; Hempelmann, R.; Birringer, R.; Arnold, W.


Zeitschrift für physikalische Chemie 222 (2008), No.2-3, pp.471-498
ISSN: 0044-3328
ISSN: 0044-3336
ISSN: 0942-9352
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
nanocrystalline nickel; atomic force acoustic microscopy; contact mechanics; indentation modulus; nanoindentation

Atomic force acoustic microscopy (AFAM) is a near-field technique, where the vibration behavior of a micro-fabricated elastic cantilever beam in contact with a sample surfaceis sensitive to its local elastic properties. The resolution of this technique is given by the contact radius ac of the atomic force microscope sensor-tip on the sample surface.
Taking into account only the Hertzian forces, ac depends on the static load applied by the cantilever, on the elastic constants of the tip and the sample and on the geometry of the contacting bodies. The shape of the sensor tip used in atomic force acoustic microscopy is between a sphere and a flat punch. Hence ac extends from just below 10 nm to a few tens of nanometers. In this review, we give an overview of the AFAM technique, present data on the indentation moduli of nanocrystalline nickel, and discuss some of the error sources in quantitative AFAM. The AFAM indentation moduli measured are comparable to the values obtained by nanoindentation and lower than the indentation moduli calculated from ultrasonic velocity measurements. There seems to be a decrease of the indentation modulus with decreasing grain size for grain sizes below 30 nm. The data are discussed taking into account X-ray diffraction and electron back-scattering data revealing some texture and macro-strain due to internal stresses in the samples investigated.