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Ice-mould freeze casting of porous ceramic components

Eisform-Gefriergießen von porösen Keramikkomponenten
: Moritz, T.; Richter, H.-J.


Journal of the European Ceramic Society 27 (2007), No.16, pp.4595-4601
ISSN: 0955-2219
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
shaping; porosity; freeze casting; apatite; Hydroxylapatit; Knochenersatzwerkstoff; Porosität; Gießen; Gefrieren; Eis; Keramikform; wässriges Medium; Suspension; Tauchbeschichten; Stahl=nach Anwendung; Zylinder=Körper; Zeta-Potenzial; Dispergiermittel; Glycerin; optische Mikroskopie; Porengrößenverteilung; Formgebung

Porous, hollow ceramic components were produced by freeze casting technique. For this purpose aqueous slurries with high solid contents were prepared which were stable against freezing down to at least -5 deg C. Ice cores were made by coating steel components with freezing water which were subsequently dip-coated with the ceramic suspensions. After freeze drying which removes both, the ice core and the frozen suspension liquid, and sintering, ceramic components with a high amount of open porosity including steel parts could be achieved. As an example hydroxyapatite was used for showing the opportunities of the freeze casting technology among others for applications in the field of bone replacement. The influence of the solid content of the hydroxyapatite slurries on the ice crystal growth has been investigated by means of compact hydroxyapatite bodies which were prepared by freeze casting using ice moulds with cylindrical cavities.
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