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Spatial and temporal regulation of the forisome gene for1 in the phloem during plant development

: Noll, G.A.; Fontanellaz, M.E.; Rüping, B.; Ashoub, A.; Bel, A.J.E. van; Fischer, R.; Knoblauch, M.; Prüfer, D.


Plant Molecular Biology 65 (2007), No.3, pp.285-294
ISSN: 0167-4412
ISSN: 1573-5028
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Forisomes are protein aggregates found uniquely in the sieve elements of Fabaceaen plants. Upon wounding they undergo a reversible, calcium-dependent conformational switch which enables them to act as cellular stopcocks. Forisomes begin to form in young sieve elements at an early stage of metaphloem differentiation. Genes encoding forisome components could therefore be useful as markers of early sieve element development. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of the developmental expression profile of for1, which encodes such a forisome component. The for1 gene is highly conserved among Fabaceaen species and appears to be unique to this phylogenetic lineage since no orthologous genes have been found in other plants, including Arabidopsis and rice. Even so, transgenic tobacco plants expressing reporter genes under the control of the for1 promoter display reporter activity exclusively in immature sieve elements. This suggests that the regulation of sieve element development is highly conserved even in plants where mature forisomes have not been detected. The promoter system could therefore provide a powerful tool for the detailed analysis of differentiation in metaphloem sieve elements in an unexpectedly broad range of plant species.