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Numerical and analytical investigation on meltpool temperature of laser-based powder bed fusion of IN718

 
: Khorasani, M.; Ghasemi, A.; Leary, M.; O'Neil, W.; Gibson, I.; Cordova, L.; Rolfe, B.

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International journal of heat and mass transfer 177 (2021), Art. 121477, 13 pp.
ISSN: 0017-9310
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer FPC@UT ()

Abstract
Prediction of meltpool features in Laser-Based Powder Bed Fusion (LB-PBF) is a complex non-linear multiple phase dynamic problem. In this investigation, numerical simulations and analytical models are offered to predict meltpool temperature and to provide a methodology to estimate melt track quality. By determining the meltpool temperature, different rheological phenomena including recoil pressure can be controlled. Recoil pressure is known to drive the keyhole and conduction modes in LB-PBF which is an important factor to qualify the melt track. A numerical simulation was carried out using Discrete Element Method (DEM) with a range of process parameters and absorptivity ratios; allowing observation of the variation of meltpool temperature and free surface morphology, as calculated by the volume-of-fluid (VOF) method. A spatially thermophysical-based analytical model is developed to estimate meltpool temperature, based on LB-PBF process parameters and thermophysical properties of the material. These results are compared with experimentally observed meltpool depth for IN718 specimens and found to have a good accuracy. The numerical and analytic results show good agreement in the conduction mode to estimate the meltpool temperature and related phenomena such as recoil pressure to control the melt track and layering quality. The analytical model does not accurately predict the keyhole mode which may be explained by evaporation of chemical elements in the examined material.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-641626.html