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Smectite as a preventive oral treatment to reduce clinical symptoms of DSS induced colitis in Balb/c mice

: Breitrück, Anne; Weigel, Markus; Hofrichter, Jacqueline; Sempert, Kai; Kerkhoff, Claus; Mohebali, Nooshin; Mitzner, Steffen; Hain, Torsten; Kreikemeyer, Bernd

Fulltext ()

International journal of molecular sciences 22 (2021), No.16, Art. 8699, 14 pp.
ISSN: 1422-0067
ISSN: 1661-6596
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IZI ()
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); DSS-colitis; Diosmectite; Clay-mineral; Microbiota

Natural smectites have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of diarrhea. The present study evaluated the prophylactic effect of a diosmectite (FI5pp) on the clinical course, colon damage, expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins and the composition of the gut microbiota in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) colitis. Diosmectite was administered daily to Balb/c mice from day 1 to 7 by oral gavage, followed by induction of acute DSS-colitis from day 8 to 14 (“Control”, n = 6; “DSS”, n = 10; “FI5pp + DSS”, n = 11). Mice were sacrificed on day 21. Clinical symptoms (body weight, stool consistency and occult blood) were checked daily after colitis induction. Colon tissue was collected for histological damage scoring and quantification of tight junction protein expression. Stool samples were collected for microbiome analysis. Our study revealed prophylactic diosmectite treatment attenuated the severity of DSS colitis, which was apparent by significantly reduced weight loss (p = 0.022 vs. DSS), disease activity index (p = 0.0025 vs. DSS) and histological damage score (p = 0.023 vs. DSS). No significant effects were obtained for the expression of TJ proteins (claudin-2 and claudin-3) after diosmectite treatment. Characterization of the microbial composition by 16S amplicon NGS showed that diosmectite treatment modified the DSS-associated dysbiosis. Thus, diosmectites are promising candidates for therapeutic approaches to target intestinal inflammation and to identify possible underlying mechanisms of diosmectites in further studies.