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Atomistic calculations of charged point defects at grain boundaries in SrTiO3

: Tao, C.; Mutter, D.; Urban, D.F.; Elsässer, C.

Preprint ()

Physical Review. B 104 (2021), No.5, Art. 054114, 13 pp.
ISSN: 0163-1829
ISSN: 1098-0121
ISSN: 0556-2805
ISSN: 2469-9950
ISSN: 2469-9969
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
SPP 1959; MR22/6-1
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
SPP 1959; EL155/31-1
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWM ()
charge; grain boundary; vacancy; perovskite; molecular dynamic

Oxygen vacancies have been identified to play an important role in accelerating grain growth in polycrystalline perovskite-oxide ceramics. To advance the fundamental understanding of growth mechanisms at the atomic scale, classical atomistic simulations were carried out to investigate the atomistic structures and oxygen vacancy formation energies at grain boundaries in the prototypical perovskite-oxide material SrTiO3. In this paper, we focus on two symmetric tilt grain boundaries, namely, Σ5 (310)[001] and Σ5 (210)[001]. A one-dimensional continuum model is adapted to determine the electrostatic potential induced by charged lattice planes in atomistic structure models containing grain boundaries and point defects. By means of this model, electrostatic artifacts, which are inherent to supercell models with periodic or open boundary conditions, can be considered and corrected properly. We report calculated formation energies of oxygen vacancies on all the oxygen sites across boundaries between two misoriented grains, and we analyze and discuss the formation-energy values with respect to local charge densities at the vacant sites.