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Dynamic, Adaptive Inline Process Monitoring for Laser Material Processing by Means of Low Coherence Interferometry

: Zechel, Fabian; Jasovski, Julia; Schmitt, Robert H.

Fulltext ()

Applied Sciences 11 (2021), No.16, Art. 7556, 13 pp.
ISSN: 2076-3417
European Commission EC
H2020; 766437; ESSIAL
Electrical Steel Structuring, Insulating and Assembling by means of the Laser technologies
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IPT ()
electrical steel; optical coherence tomography; OCT; scanning; process monitoring; laser material processing; spot compensation; low coherence interferometry; LCI

Surface laser structuring of electrical steel sheets can be used to manipulate their magnetic properties, such as energy losses and contribute to a more efficient use. This requires a technology such as low coherence interferometry, which makes it possible to be coupled directly into the existing beam path of the process laser and enables the possibility for an 100% inspection during the process. It opens the possibility of measuring directly in the machine, without removing the workpiece, as well as during the machining process. One of the biggest challenges in integrating an LCI measurement system into an existing machine is the need to use a different wavelength than the one for which the optical components were designed. This results in an offset between the measurement and processing spot. By integrating an additional scanning system exclusively for the measuring beam and developing a compensation model for the non-linear spot offset, this can be adaptively corrected by up to 98.9% so that the ablation point can be measured. The simulation model can also be easily applied to other systems with different components and at the same time allows further options for in-line quality assurance.