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Kinetic separation of CO2/CH4 mixtures with Ni-MOF-74@Al2O3 core–shell composites

: Otter, D.; Ernst, S.-J.; Krätz, L.; Bart, H.-J.

Fulltext ()

SN applied sciences 2 (2020), No.6, Art. 1071, 12 pp.
ISSN: 2523-3963 (Print)
ISSN: 2523-3971 (Online)
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISE ()

A novel core–shell species for the adsorption-based separation of carbon dioxide (CO2) from methane (CH4) is introduced by hydrothermal synthesis of Ni-MOF-74 on mesoporous spherical Al2O3 carrier substrate. The material was characterized and the shell thickness determined by means of optical and scanning electron microscopy as well as volumetric adsorption and fluid displacement experiments. Kinetic experiments with Ni-MOF-74@Al2O3 core–shell composites carried out at 303.15 K and at pressures up to 10 bar expose remarkably dominating uptake rates for CO2 over CH4. In the contrary Ni-MOF-74@Al2O3 appears to be unselective according to equilibrium data at the same conditions. Dynamic breakthrough experiments of binary CH4/CO2-mixtures (at 303.15 K and 5 bar) prove the prevailing effect of adsorption kinetics and the storage function of the mesoporous core. This statement is supported by a considerable boost in CO2-selectivity and capacity compared to adsorption equilibria measured on pure Ni-MOF-74 by the factor of 55.02 and up to 2.42, respectively.