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Effects of Doping Ni on the Microstructures and Thermoelectric Properties of Co-Excessive NbCoSn Half-Heusler Compounds

 
: Yan, Ruijuan; Xie, Ruiwen; Xie, Wenjie; Shen, Chen; Li, Wei; Balke, Benjamin; Yoon, Songhak; Zhang, Hongbin; Weidenkaff, Anke

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ACS applied materials & interfaces 13 (2021), No.29, pp.34533-34542
ISSN: 1944-8244
ISSN: 0013-936X
ISSN: 1944-8252
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWKS ()

Abstract
The half-Heusler (HH) compound NbCoSn with 18 valence electrons is a promising thermoelectric (TE) material due to its appropriate electrical properties as well as its suitable thermal and chemical stability. Nowadays, doping/substitution and tailoring of microstructures are common experimental approaches to enhance the TE performance of HH compounds. However, detailed theoretical insights into the effects of doping on the microstructures and TE properties are still missing. In this work, the microstructure of NbCoSn was tailored through precipitating the full-Heusler phases in the matrix by changing the nominal ratio of Co and Ni on the Co sites, focusing on the resulting TE properties. Further, first-principles calculations were employed to understand the relationship between the microstructure and the TE properties from the thermodynamic point of view. Detailed analysis of the electronic structure reveals that the presence of excess Co/Ni contributes to the increasing carrier concentration. Through an increase in the electrical conductivity and a reduction in the thermal conductivity, the TE performance is improved. Therefore, the present work offers a new pathway and insights to enhance the TE properties by modifying the microstructure of HH compounds via tailoring the chemical compositions.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-639081.html