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Natural Wood Templated Hierarchically Cellular NbC/Pyrolytic Carbon Foams as Stiff, Lightweight and High-Performance Electromagnetic Shielding Materials

: Liu, Xingmin; Liu, Heqiang; Xu, Hailong; Xie, Wenjie; Li, Minghang; Liu, Jianxi; Liu, Guoqiang; Weidenkaff, Anke; Riedel, Ralf


Journal of colloid and interface science 606 (2022), Pt.2, pp.1543-1553
ISSN: 0021-9797
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWKS ()

Hierarchically cellular, stiff, and lightweight niobium carbide (NbC)-pyrolytic carbon (PyC) monolithic foam composites possessing excellent electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness (EMI SE) were developed via a natural wood template-based method. Pyrolytic carbon derived from the decomposed cellulose in the wood worked as the carbon source for the growth of NbC phase, and the NbC-PyC heterogeneous nano-interface formed between the residual PyC and the freshly formed NbC. Multi-loss mechanisms (e.g. conductive loss, dipole polarization loss, and especially interface polarization loss) were established by controlling the NbC content and residual PyC phase in the NbC-PyC foams, which significantly improved the absorption capability. Compared to 28.0 dB of PyC monolith, the EMI SE of NbC-PyC foam can reach 54.8 dB when the thickness is 0.5 mm, which outperforms the other porous-based shielding materials. Due to the highly porous structure of pristine wood, the resulting NbC-PyC foam exhibited a low density of 0.48 g/cm3, which is ∼1/16 of dense NbC (7.78 g/cm3). Generally, this work introduces innovative ideas for designing novel and advanced transition metal carbide-carbon composite materials.