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Detection and analysis of photo-acoustic emission in Direct Laser Interference Patterning

: Steege, Tobias; Alamri, Sabri; Lasagni, Andrés-Fabián; Kunze, Tim

Fulltext ()

Scientific Reports 11 (2021), Art. 14540, 10 pp.
ISSN: 2045-2322
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Reinhart Koselleck-Projekt; 323477257
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWS ()
acoustics; characterization and analytical techniques; Laser, LEDs and light sources; photoacoustics; surface patterning

Functional laser texturing by means of Direct Laser Interference Patterning is one of the most efficient approaches to fabricate well-defined micro textures which mimic natural surfaces, such as the lotus effect for self-cleaning properties or shark skin for reduced friction. While numerous technical and theoretical improvements have been demonstrated, strategies for process monitoring are yet to be implemented in DLIP, for instance aiming to treat complex and non-plane surfaces. Over the last 35 years, it has been shown that the sound pressure generated by a laser beam hitting a surface and producing ablation can be detected and analysed using simple and commercially available transducers and microphones. This work describes the detection and analysis of photo-acoustic signals acquired from airborne acoustic emission during DLIP as a direct result of the laser–material interaction. The study includes the characterization of the acoustic emission during the fabrication of line-like micro textures with different spatial periods and depths, the interpretation the spectral signatures deriving from single spot and interference ablation, as well as a detailed investigation of the vertical extent of the interference effect based on the ablated area and its variation with the interference period. The results show the possibility to develop an autofocusing system using only the signals from the acoustic emission for 3D processing, as well as the possibility to predict deviations in the DLIP processing parameters.