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Identification and In-Depth Analysis of the Novel FGFR2-NDC80 Fusion in a Cholangiocarcinoma Patient: Implication for Therapy

: Scheiter, A.; Keil, F.; Lüke, F.; Grosse, J.; Verloh, N.; Opitz, S.; Schlosser, S.; Kandulski, A.; Pukrop, T.; Dietmaier, W.; Evert, M.; Calvisi, D.F.; Utpatel, K.

Fulltext ()

Current oncology 28 (2021), No.2, pp.1161-1169
ISSN: 1718-7729
ISSN: 1198-0052
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusions have emerged as a new therapeutic target for cholangiocarcinoma in clinical practice following the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of Pemigatinib in May 2020. FGFR2 fusions can result in a ligand-independent constitutive activation of FGFR2 signaling with a downstream activation of multiple pathways, including the mitogen-activated protein (MAPK) cascade. Until today, only a limited number of fusion partners have been reported, of which the most prevalent is BicC Family RNA Binding Protein (BICC1), representing one-third of all detected FGFR2 fusions. Nonetheless, in the majority of cases rare or yet unreported fusion partners are discovered in next-generation sequencing panels, which confronts clinicians with a challenging decision: Should a therapy be based on these variants or should the course of treatment follow the (limited) standard regime? Here, we present the case of a metastasized intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma harboring a novel FGFR2-NDC80 fusion, which was discussed in our molecular tumor board. The protein NDC80 kinetochore complex component (NDC80) is an integral part of the outer kinetochore, which is involved in microtubule binding and spindle assembly. For additional therapeutic guidance, an immunohistochemical analysis of the predicted fusion and downstream effector proteins was performed and compared to cholangiocarcinoma samples of a tissue microarray. The FGFR2-NDC80 fusion resulted in strong activation of the FGFR2 signaling pathway. These supporting results led to a treatment recommendation of Pemigatinib. Unfortunately, the patient passed away before the commencement of therapy.