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Prodromal sensory neuropathy in Pink1-/-SNCAA53T double mutant Parkinson mice

 
: Valek, L.; Tran, B.; Wilken-Schmitz, A.; Trautmann, S.; Heidler, J.; Schmid, T.; Brüne, B.; Thomas, D.; Deller, T.; Geisslinger, G.; Auburger, G.; Tegeder, I.

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Fulltext ()

Neuropathology and applied neurobiology (2021), Online First, 20 pp.
ISSN: 0305-1846
ISSN: 1365-2990
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ITMP ()

Abstract
Aims
Parkinson's disease (PD) is frequently associated with a prodromal sensory neuropathy manifesting with sensory loss and chronic pain. We have recently shown that PD-associated sensory neuropathy in patients is associated with high levels of glucosylceramides. Here, we assessed the underlying pathology and mechanisms in Pink1−/−SNCAA53T double mutant mice.
Methods
We studied nociceptive and olfactory behaviour and the neuropathology of dorsal root ganglia (DRGs), including ultrastructure, mitochondrial respiration, transcriptomes, outgrowth and calcium currents of primary neurons, and tissue ceramides and sphingolipids before the onset of a PD-like disease that spontaneously develops in Pink1−/−SNCAA53T double mutant mice beyond 15 months of age.
Results
Similar to PD patients, Pink1−/−SNCAA53T mice developed a progressive prodromal sensory neuropathy with a loss of thermal sensitivity starting as early as 4 months of age. In analogy to human plasma, lipid analyses revealed an accumulation of glucosylceramides (GlcCer) in the DRGs and sciatic nerves, which was associated with pathological mitochondria, impairment of mitochondrial respiration, and deregulation of transient receptor potential channels (TRPV and TRPA) at mRNA, protein and functional levels in DRGs. Direct exposure of DRG neurons to GlcCer caused transient hyperexcitability, followed by a premature decline of the viability of sensory neurons cultures upon repeated GlcCer application.
Conclusions
The results suggest that pathological GlcCer contribute to prodromal sensory disease in PD mice via mitochondrial damage and calcium channel hyperexcitability. GlcCer-associated sensory neuron pathology might be amenable to GlcCer lowering therapeutic strategies.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-637245.html