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Model hierarchy for the shape optimization of a microchannel cooling system

: Blauth, S.; Leithäuser, C.; Pinnau, R.

Fulltext ()

Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik : ZAMM 101 (2021), No.4, Art. e202000166, 28 pp.
ISSN: 0044-2267
ISSN: 0946-8463
ISSN: 1521-4001
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ITWM ()

We model a microchannel cooling system and consider the optimization of its shape by means of shape calculus. A three-dimensional model covering all relevant physical effects and three reduced models are introduced. The latter are derived via a homogenization of the geometry in 3D and a transformation of the three-dimensional models to two dimensions. A shape optimization problem based on the tracking of heat absorption by the cooler and the uniform distribution of the flow through the microchannels is formulated and adapted to all models. We present the corresponding shape derivatives and adjoint systems, which we derived with a material derivative free adjoint approach. To demonstrate the feasibility of the reduced models, the optimization problems are solved numerically with a gradient descent method. A comparison of the results shows that the reduced models perform similarly to the original one while using significantly less computational resources.