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A Laser-Based Direct Cable Length Measurement Sensor for CDPRs

: Martin, Christoph; Fabritius, Marc; Stoll, Johannes; Pott, Andreas

Fulltext ()

Robotics 10 (2021), No.2, Art. 60, 11 pp.
ISSN: 2218-6581
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IPA ()
paralleler Seilroboter; Seil; Sensorik

Accuracy improvement is an important research topic in the field of cable-driven parallel robots (CDPRs). One reason for inaccuracies of CDPRs are deviations in the cable lengths. Such deviations can be caused by the elongation of the cable due to its elasticity or creep behavior. For most common CDPRs, the cable lengths are controlled using motor encoders of the winches, without feedback about the actual elongation of the cables. To address this problem, this paper proposes a direct cable length measurement sensor based on a laser distance sensor. We present the mechanical design, the first prototype and an experimental evaluation. As a result, the measurement principle works well and the accuracy of the measured cable lengths is within -2.32 mm to +1.86 mm compared to a range from -5.19 mm to +6.02 mm of the cable length set with the motor encoders. The standard deviation of the cable length error of the direct cable length measurement sensor is 58% lower compared to the one set with the motor encoders. Equipping all cables of the cable robot with direct cable length measurement sensors results in the possibility to correct cable length deviations and thus increase the accuracy of CDPRs. Furthermore, it enables new possibilities like the automatic recalibration of the home pose.