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Innovation in Malmö after the Öresund Bridge

: Ejermo, Olof; Hussinger, Katrin; Kalash, Basheer; Schubert, Torben

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-6354540 (1.2 MByte PDF)
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Created on: 12.6.2021

Journal of regional science (2021), Online First, 34 pp.
ISSN: 0022-4146
ISSN: 1467-9787
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISI ()
agglomeration effects; bridge; cross-border regions; Innovation; inventor; Öresund; patents; transportation infrastructure

We analyze the effect of the Öresund Bridge, a combined railway and motorway bridge between Swedish Malmö and the Danish capital Copenhagen, on inventive activity in the region of Malmö. Applying difference-in-difference estimation on individual-level data, our findings suggest that the Öresund Bridge led to a significant increase in the number of patents per individual in the Malmö region as compared to the two other major regions in Sweden, Gothenburg and Stockholm. We show that a key mechanism is the attraction of highly qualified workers to the Malmö region following the construction of the bridge.