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Studies of indium tin oxide-based sensing electrodes in potentiometric zirconia solid electrolyte gas sensors

: Dietrich, Stefan; Kusnezoff, Mihails; Michaelis, Alexander

Fulltext ()

Sensors. Online journal 21 (2021), No.7, Art. 2345, 17 pp.
ISSN: 1424-8220
ISSN: 1424-8239
ISSN: 1424-3210
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
indium tin oxide; potentiometric solid electrolyte sensor; mixed potential; internal reference gas sensors

A zirconia-based potentiometric solid electrolyte gas sensor with internal solid state reference was used to study the response behavior of platinum cermet and indium tin oxide sensing electrodes. Target gases included both oxygen and carbon monoxide in nitrogen-based sample gas mixtures. It was found that with the indium tin oxide sensing electrode, the low-temperature behavior is mainly a result of incomplete equilibration due to contaminations of the electrode surface. On the other hand, some of these contaminant species have been identified as being pivotal for the higher carbon monoxide sensitivity of the indium tin oxide sensing electrode as compared to platinum cermet electrodes.