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Roll-to-roll Fabrication of Highly Transparent Ca:Ag Top-Electrode towards Flexible Large-Area OLED Lighting Application

: Wang, Dongxiang; Hauptmann, Jacqueline; May, Christian; Hofstetter, Yvonne Jasmin; Vaynzof, Yana; Müller, Tobias

Fulltext ()

Flexible and printed electronics 6 (2021), No.3, Art. 035001, 17 pp.
ISSN: 2058-8585
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF (Deutschland)
large-area OLED lighting application on thin flexible substrates
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer FEP ()
flexible OLED; highly transparent electrode; R2R fabrication; co-evaporation; Ultrathin Glass

Transparency and bendability are some of the most attractive unique selling points for OLED lighting, enabling a variety of new application possibilities for industrial and private end-users. The roll-to-roll (R2R) OLED fabrication based on thermal evaporation offers a fast, continuous-running solution for producing flexible OLEDs at a lower cost. In this work, R2R fabricated large-area highly transparent thermal co-evaporated Ca:Ag (2:1 vol.%) top-electrode with mean transmittance of 64% over the visible range and a corresponding sheet resistance of as low as 21 Ohm/sq was achieved. By increasing the film thickness to 24 nm, the sheet resistance can be further reduced to 12 Ohm/sq, albeit with a lower mean transmittance of 58%. The Ca:Ag electrode demonstrates a high mechanical durability through 1000 bending cycles, which is highly desirable as a characteristic for flexible electronics, as well as for the R2R fabrication. Finally, the stability of the Ca:Ag electrode in vacuum and ambient was studied as well.