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Investigating the fatigue behaviour of small scale and real size HFMI-treated components of high strength steels

: Gkatzogiannis, S.; Schubnell, J.; Knoedel, P.; Farajian, M.; Ummenhofer, T.; Luke, M.


Engineering failure analysis 123 (2021), Art. 105300
ISSN: 1350-6307
Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Energie BMWi (Deutschland)
IGF 19227 N / DVS-Vorhaben 09069
Rechnergestütztes Bewertungstool zum Nachweis der Lebensdauerverlängerung von mit dem Hochfrequenz-Hämmerverfahren (HFMI) behandelten Schweißverbindungen aus hochfesten Stählen
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ()
High Frequency Impact Treatment; high strength steels; real size structural components; transverse stiffeners; HEA beams

The present study reports on results of a completed research project, which investigated amongst others the fatigue strength of weldments made of structural steels S355J2+N, S690QL and S960QL and treated with the post-weld treatment process High Frequency Mechanical Impact (HFMI). Reference tests on as-welded (AW) specimens, which were manufactured from the same material batches, were carried out in order to enable a direct comparison. Main goal of the present tests series was, apart from the revalidation of the higher efficiency of HFMI on high strength steels, to investigate possible scale effects, when the post-weld treatment method is applied on real size structural components. Therefore, usual fatigue test specimens and real size structural beams HEA 260 were tested. The welded structural detail of transverse stiffeners was investigated in all cases. All results are evaluated with the nominal stress approach and they are presented in S-N curves along with the respective FAT classes, which are proposed by the design guidelines of Eurocode and the recommendations of International Institute of Welding (IIW). Beach mark tests were carried out on HFMI-treated small scale fatigue test specimens, in order to investigate the influence of HFMI on the fatigue crack growth behaviour (FCG). In all cases, a significant increase in fatigue strength was achieved by the application of HFMI with the fatigue life extension being more significant for the high strength steels. No scaling effect was documented regarding the application of the method on the structural beams having similar p late thicknesses as the small scale specimens but more complex geometries and significantly longer weldments. Finally, the evaluation of the beach mark tests and their comparison with reference curves found in literature did not allow a clear assessment of the HFMI influence on the fatigue crack propagation (FCP).