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Corrigendum to "How do traffic and demand daily changes define urban emergency medical service (uEMS) strategic decisions?: A multi-period survival approach" [JTH 12 (2019) 60-74]

: Soares Amorim, Marco Raul; Ferreira, Sara; Couto, António


Journal of transport & health 17 (2020), Art. 100570, 18 pp.
ISSN: 2214-1405
Portuguese National Funding Agency for Science, Research and Technology
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAO ()

This paper presents a methodology to locate vehicle base stations using a scenario based optimisation to address daily traffic and demand changes, which are due to what we define as city dynamics. The model allows us to understand better how these daily changes affect an urban emergency medical service (uEMS) response system. The methodology incorporates two steps. The first step uses scenario-based optimisation and survival function theory to locate vehicle base stations, whereas the second step uses agent-based simulation to assess the solution performance and compare it with average-period and non-survival prone solutions. The proposed models are tested for different situations using real data from the city of Porto. The results of the sensitivity analyses show the importance of understanding the dynamics of cities and how they impact uEMS response systems. Useful insights regarding the number of stations and the average response time are addressed together with the minimum number of stations required for different maximum response time limits and different survival coefficients. Finally, we conclude that a multi-period solution improves response time because it accounts for city dynamics and that a heterogeneous survival-based approach benefits victims' by properly measuring the system response concerning the victims' outcome.