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Combination of matrix solid-phase dispersion extraction and direct on-line liquid chromatography-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy-tandem mass spectrometry as a new efficient approach for the rapid screening of natural products

Application to the total asterosaponin fraction of the starfish Asterias rubens
: Sandvoss, M.; Weltring, A.; Preiss, A.; Levsen, K.; Wuensch, G.


Journal of Chromatography 917 (2001), No.1-2, pp.75-86
ISSN: 0021-9673
ISSN: 0376-737X
ISSN: 0378-4355
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
asterosaponin; hyphenated techniques; matrix solid-phase dispersion extraction; natural product; starfish; liquid chromatography; nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

A combination of matrix solid-phase dispersion extraction (MSPD) and LC-NMR-MS hyphenation is proposed as a rapid screening method of natural products for unknown compounds. In this report, this new analytical approach is applied for the first time. MSPD represents a significant simplification compared to classical extraction procedures and is thus an excellent complement to the fast and powerful LC-NMR-MS: MSPD yields extracts suitable for LC-NMR-MS in one simple preparation step, while LC-NMR-MS yields a wealth of information in one single chromatographic run. The suitability of this technique to characterise glycosidic compounds in the molecular mass range of 1200 to 1400 a.m.u. is demonstrated. The information on the number of exchangeable protons provided by an additional back-exchange experiment proved to be particularly valuable for structural elucidation. The possibility of semi-quantitative LC-NMR measurements through methyl signals H(3)-18 and 19 of the steroidal skeleton is demonstrated and is ensuingly used to provide relative quantitative data of the steroid oligosaccharide fraction.