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Maximization of the single user rate in OFDMA assuming equal power on allocated subcarriers

: Giovanidis, A.; Haustein, T.; Jorswieck, E.; Donghee, K.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
IEEE 65th Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2007 Spring : 22 - 25 April 2007, Dublin, Ireland
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Operations Center, 2007
ISBN: 1-4244-0265-4
ISBN: 1-424-40266-2
Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC) <65, 2007, Dublin>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer HHI ()

The problem of optimal power allocation for a single user in an OFDMA system is considered for uplink, under the assumption that the total power is divided equally to a selected subset of subcarriers. This scenario suggests reduced feedback information for power control from base station to the user since only the information over modulation on each subcarrier is necessary. Assuming knowledge of the instantaneous users' channel gains, the rate optimization problem reduces to a subcarrier allocation problem, described by a discrete function with the set of possible allocated subcarriers as domain and the set of achievable sum rates as range. A continuous equivalent of the function is used to derive properties that also hold in the discrete case. The function is in general not concave and concavity holds only for high CNR regions - over a specified bound. In all cases however it is proved that the maximum is unique and a simple and efficient algorithm is proposed for subcarrier allocation which always provides the optimal solution concerning the subcarriers to be loaded. The cost in achievable capacity from the use of equal-power compared to actual waterfilling is calculated, which is shown to be small while the gain in frequency resources and feedback reduction is important.