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Optical and structural properties of waveguides in LiNbO3 fabricated by ultrashort laser pulses

: Burghoff, J.; Hartung, H.; Nolte, S.; Tünnermann, A.


Neev, J. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Commercial and biomedical applications of ultrafast lasers VII : 21 - 24 January 2007, San Jose, California, USA
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2007 (SPIE Proceedings Series 6460)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-6570-2
Paper 64600W
Conference "Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers" <7, 2007, San Jose/Calif.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IOF ()

The use of ultrashort laser pulses has found widespread attention in the microstructuring of transparent materials. Specifically, the origin of refractive index changes in glasses and crystalline materials was extensively investigated. In LiNbO3, which is an important material for nonlinear optical applications, the possibility of waveguide fabrication with fs laser pulses was also shown. Recently, two distinct types of waveguides were discovered in LiNbO3 which show different thermal stability and optical properties. In one type, frequency doubling of 1064-nm radiation was demonstrated. Here, we discuss the different origins of the two waveguide types and present results of thermal annealing experiments. Furthermore, the influence of the processing parameters and the focussing on the properties of the waveguides was investigated. The electrooptic coefficient of the waveguide was measured and gives evidence that the nonlinear properties of the crystal are depleted by the laser structuring.