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Multicriteria Optimization of Molecular Models of Water Using a Reduced Units Approach

: Kulkarni, A.; Bortz, M.; Küfer, K.-H.; Kohns, M.; Hasse, H.


Journal of chemical theory and computation : JCTC 16 (2020), No.8, pp.5127-5138
ISSN: 1549-9618
ISSN: 1549-9626
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITWM ()

Multicriteria optimization (MCO) is used to parametrize molecular models of water. The set of the best possible compromises between different objectives, the Pareto set, is determined. Calculating Pareto sets for optimization problems involving molecular simulations is computationally expensive. Therefore, we use a novel, highly efficient method, which is based on the fact that numerical results from molecular simulations can be interpreted as dimensionless numbers. Hence, they carry information on an entire class of models in physical units. This approach was applied here for the MCO of water models of the “one-center Lennard-Jones + point charge” type, in which the objectives were the quality of the description of the vapor pressure, liquid density, and enthalpy of vaporization. The results were compared to models from the literature. Significant improvements were observed. The new optimization method for the development of molecular models is efficient, robust, and broadly applicable.