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3D printed bioactive and antibacterial silicate glass-ceramic scaffold by fused filament fabrication

: Marsh, A.C.; Zhang, Y.; Poli, L.; Hammer, N.; Roch, A.; Crimp, M.; Chatzistavrou, X.


Materials Science and Engineering, C. Biomimetic and supramolecular systems Biomimetic materials, sensors and systems 118 (2021), Art. 111516, 9 pp.
ISSN: 0928-4931
ISSN: 1873-0191
Journal Article
Fraunhofer CCD ()

The fused filament fabrication (FFF) technique was applied for the first time to fabricate novel 3D printed silicate bioactive and antibacterial Ag-doped glass-ceramic (Ag-BG) scaffolds. A novel filament consisting primarily of polyolefin and Ag-BG micro-sized particles was developed and its thermal properties characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) to define the optimum heat treatment with minimal macrostructural deformation during thermal debinding and sintering. Structural characteristics of the Ag-BG scaffolds were evaluated from macro- to nanoscale using microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The compressive strength of the Ag-BG scaffolds was found to be in the range of cancellous bone. Bioactivity of the 3D printed Ag-BG scaffolds was evaluated in vitro through immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) and correlated to the formation of an apatite-like phase. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) inoculated with the Ag-BG scaffolds exhibited a significant decrease in viability underscoring a potent anti-MRSA effect. This study demonstrates the potential of the FFF technique for the fabrication of bioactive 3D silicate scaffolds with promising characteristics for orthopedic applications.