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Lipidomic analysis of local inflammation models shows a specific systemic acute phase response to lipopolysaccharides

: Hahnefeld, L.; Kornstädt, L.; Kratz, D.; Ferreiros, N.; Geisslinger, G.; Pierre, S.; Scholich, K.


Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular and cell biology of lipids 1866 (2021), No.1, Art. 158822, 9 pp.
ISSN: 1388-1981
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Toll-like receptors (TLR) are crucial for recognizing bacterial, viral or fungal pathogens and to orchestrate the appropriate immune response. The widely expressed TLR2 and TLR4 differentially recognize various pathogens to initiate partly overlapping immune cascades. To better understand the physiological consequences of both immune responses, we performed comparative lipidomic analyses of local paw inflammation in mice induced by the TLR2 and TLR4 agonists, zymosan and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), respectively, which are commonly used in models for inflammation and inflammatory pain. Doses for both agonists were chosen to cause mechanical hypersensitivity with identical strength and duration. Lipidomic analysis showed 5 h after LPS or zymosan injection in both models an increase of ether-phosphatidylcholines (PC O) and their corresponding lyso species with additional lipids being increased only in response to LPS. However, zymosan induced stronger immune cell recruitment and edema formation as compared to LPS. Importantly, only in LPS-induced inflammation the lipid profile in the contralateral paw was altered. Fittingly, the plasma level of various cytokines and chemokines, including IL-1β and IL-6, were significantly increased only in LPS-treated mice. Accordingly LPS induced distinct changes in the lipid profiles of ipsilateral and contralateral paws. Here, oxydized fatty acids, phosphatidylcholines and phosphatidylethanolamines were uniquely upregulated on the contralateral side. Thus, both models cause increased levels of PC O and lyso-PC O lipids at the site of inflammation pointing at a common role in inflammation. Also, LPS initiates systemic changes, which can be detected by changes in the lipid profiles.