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Transverse mode instability in a passive fiber induced by stimulated Raman scattering

: Distler, V.; Möller, F.; Strecker, M.; Palma-Vega, G.; Walbaum, T.; Schreiber, T.

Fulltext ()

Optics Express 28 (2020), No.15, pp.22819-22828
ISSN: 1094-4087
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Transverse mode instabilities are a major limitation for power scaling of fiber lasers but have so far only been observed in laser-active fibers. In this contribution we present experimental observations of transverse mode instabilities in a passive fiber. In this fiber, stimulated Raman scattering acted as heat source. To demonstrate the effect, a kW-level ytterbium-doped fiber laser was used as pump for a Raman amplifier. Transverse mode instabilities were only observed in the case with high Raman amplification. Frequency resolved stability measurements at various fiber positions as well as spectral and mode resolved measurements pin their origin to the passive fiber. This observation might help to gain further understanding of transverse mode instabilities and shows limitations of high-power Raman amplifiers.