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Carbon, Glass and Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polybenzoxazine: The Effects of Fiber Reinforcement on Mechanical, Fire, Smoke and Toxicity Properties

: Wolter, Nick; Beber, Vinicius Carrillo; Sandinge, Anna; Blomqvist, Per; Goethals, Frederik; Hove, Marc van; Jubete, Elena; Mayer, Bernd; Koschek, Katharina

Fulltext ()

Polymers. Online resource 12 (2020), No.10, Art. 2379, 15 pp.
ISSN: 2073-4360
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IFAM ()
polymer-matrix composites; fiber; mechanical properties; thermal properties; Polybenzoxazine; fire retardance; smoke and toxicity

Bisphenol F and aniline-based benzoxazine monomers were selected to fabricate basalt, glass and carbon fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine via vacuum infusion, respectively. The impacts of the type of fiber reinforcement on the resulting material properties of the fiber reinforced polymers (FRPs) were studied. FRPs exhibited a homogenous morphology with completely impregnated fibers and near-zero porosity. Carbon fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine showed the highest specific mechanical properties because of its low density and high modulus and strength. However, regarding the flammability, fire, smoke and toxicity properties, glass and basalt reinforced polybenzoxazine outperformed carbon fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine. This work offers a deeper understanding of how different types of fiber reinforcement affect polybenzoxazine-based FRPs and provides access to FRPs with inherently good fire, smoke and toxicity performance without the need for further flame retardant additives.