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Interaction of volatile organic compounds with indoor materials - a small-scale screening method

 
: Meininghaus, R.; Salthammer, T.; Knöppel, H.

:

Atmospheric environment 33 (1999), pp.2395-2401
ISSN: 0004-6981
ISSN: 1352-2310
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer WKI ()
indoor air; mass transport; permeability; sink; FLEC

Abstract
Indoor air pollution caused by volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may affect the health and well-being of inhabitants. Uptake and release of these compounds by and from indoor materials alter their concentrations in indoor air: uptake will lower peak concentrations, whereas subsequent (slow) release at lower concentration levels will prolong the presence of VOCs in indoor air. An experimental set-up has been implemented where indoor materials are placed as a "membrane" separating two air compartments. Both compartments - consisting of Field and Laboratory Emission Cells FLECs - are constantly flushed with air, one air stream containing a mixture of 20 VOCs and concentrations in both compartments are measured after 1 h. Ten materials usually covering extensive surfaces indoors were consecutively exposed to the vapour mixture at concentration levels typically found in indoor environments. Under the chosen experimental conditions, five of these materials exhibited a permeability high enough that VOCs could be detected on the other side. Mass transport of VOCs into and through indoor materials has therefore been confirmed by experiment. The set-up allows for a quick screening of indoor materials with respect to their sorption capacity and permeability.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-606.html