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Influence of the brazing paste composition on the wetting behavior of reactive air brazed metal-ceramic joints

: Wätzig, Katja; Schilm, Jochen; Mosch, Sindy; Tillmann, Wolfgang; Eilers, Arne; Wojarski, Lukas

Fulltext ()

Advanced engineering materials 23 (2021), No.2, Art. 2000711, 7 pp.
ISSN: 1438-1656
ISSN: 1615-7508
ISSN: 1527-2648
Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Energie BMWi (Deutschland)
IGF; 19500 BG; MetCeRAB
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
Reactive Air Brazing (RAB); Ceramic-Metal Joints; Silver-Copper Oxide Metal Filler

Reactive air brazing (RAB) is a cost‐effective way to produce ceramic–ceramic or ceramic–metal brazed joints in air, without applying a protective gas atmosphere or a vacuum. In addition to conventional furnace technology, the brazing with induction heating can also be used effectively. Within the scope of this study the shrinkage and wetting behavior of self‐developed brazing pastes with different CuO contents and two qualities of silver powders with coarse and fine particle size are investigated by optical dilatometry on alumina (Al2O3, 99.7% purity). Thereby, the fine silver powder quality reveals a significant swelling effect at high temperatures, leading to an expansion of densified powder compacts caused by evolving gases. Joining tests are performed on ceramic–steel brazed joints using a muffle furnace and induction heating for short brazing cycles. The brazing seams and interfaces of the joints are investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy‐dispersive X‐ray spectroscopy (EDS). As a result, correlations between the brazing filler metal composition, the steel, and the brazing conditions are obtained.