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Conductive Heating during Press Hardening by Hot Metal Gas Forming for Curved Complex Part Geometries

: Bach, Mirko; Degenkolb, Lars; Reuther, Franz; Psyk, Verena; Demuth, Rico; Werner, Markus

Fulltext ()

Metals 10 (2020), No.8, Art. 1104, 11 pp.
ISSN: 2075-4701
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWU ()
tube hydroforming; lightweight structure; bending; formability; Numerical Methods; Processing technology

Climate targets set by the EU, including the reduction of CO2, are leading to the increased use of lightweight materials for mass production such as press hardening steels. Besides sheet metal forming for high-strength components, tubular or profile forming (Hot Metal Gas Forming—HMGF) allows for designs that are more complex in combination with a lower weight. This paper particularly examines the application of conductive heating of the component for the combined press hardening process. The previous Finite-Element-Method (FEM)-supported design of an industry-oriented, curved component geometry allows the development of forming tools and process peripherals with a high degree of reliability. This work comprises a description regarding the functionality of the tools and the heating strategy for the curved component as well as the measurement technology used to investigate the heat distribution in the component during the conduction process. Subsequently, forming tests are carried out, material characterization is performed by hardness measurements in relevant areas of the component, and the FEM simulation is validated by comparing the resulting sheet thickness distribution to the experimental one.