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High-power single-polarization and single-transverse-mode fiber laser with an all-fiber cavity and fiber-grating stabilized spectrum

: Liu, C.-H.; Galvanauskas, A.; Khitrov, V.; Samson, B.; Manyam, U.; Tankala, K.; Machewirth, D.; Heinemann, S.


Optics Letters 31 (2006), No.1, pp.17-19
ISSN: 0146-9592
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Conventionally, large-mode-area (LMA) fiber lasers use free-space polarizing components to achieve linear polarization output. External components, however, significantly limit laser robustness and power scalability. We demonstrate, to the best of our knowledge, the first high-power all-fiber cavity single-polarization single-transverse-mode LMA fiber laser, without the use of free-space polarizing components. This has been achieved by using tightly coiled high-birefringence 20 mu m core LMA fiber. The lasing spectrum at 1086 mn has been stabilized by a fiber grating, spliced at one end of a LMA fiber. Up to 405 W of single-polarization output with a polarization extinction of > 19 dB with a narrow spectrum (1.9 nm FVMM) and in a single-transverse mode (M-2 < 1.1) has been demonstrated. The simplicity of a monolithic-cavity approach is highly beneficial for a number of applications, including the use of a fiber laser for nonlinear wavelength conversion and for coherent and spectral beam combining.