Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

The degradation of alpha-quaternary nonylphenol isomers by Sphingomonas sp. strain TTNP3 involves a type II ipso-substitution mechanism

: Corvini, P.F.X.; Hollender, J.; Ji, R.; Schumacher, S.; Prell, J.; Hommes, G.; Priefer, U.; Vinken, R.; Schäffer, A.


Applied microbiology and biotechnology 70 (2006), No.1, pp.114-122
ISSN: 0171-1741
ISSN: 0175-7598
ISSN: 1432-0614
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

The degradation of radiolabeled 4(3',5'-dimethyl-3'-heptyl)-phenol [nonylphenol (NP)] was tested with resting cells of Sphingomonas sp. strain TTNP3. Concomitantly to the degradation of NP, a metabolite identified as hydroquinone transiently accumulated and short-chain organic acids were then produced at the expense of hydroquinone. Two other radiolabeled isomers of NP, 4(2',6'-dimethyl-2'-heptyl)-phenol and 4(3',6'-dimethyl-3'-heptyl)-phenol, were synthesized. In parallel experiments, the 4(2',6'-dimethyl-2'-heptyl)-phenol was degraded more slowly than the other isomers of NP by strain TTNP3, possibly because of effects of the side-chain structure on the kinetics of degradation. Alkylbenzenediol and alkoxyphenol derivatives identified as metabolites during previous studies were synthesized and tested as substrates. The derivatives were not degraded, which indicated that the mineralization of NP does not proceed via alkoxyphenol as the principal intermediate. The results obtained led to the elucidation of the degradation pathway of NP isomers with a quaternary alpha-carbon. The proposed mechanism is a type II ipso substitution, leading to hydroquinone and nonanol as the main metabolites and to the dead-end metabolites alkylbenzenediol or alkoxyphenol, depending on the substitution at the alpha-carbon of the carbocationic intermediate formed.