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Manipulation of room-temperature valley-coherent exciton-polaritons in atomically thin crystals by real and artificial magnetic fields

: Rupprecht, C.; Sedov, E.; Klaas, M.; Knopf, H.; Blei, M.; Lundt, N.; Tongay, S.; Taniguchi, T.; Watanabe, K.; Schulz, U.; Kavokin, A.; Eilenberger, F.; Höfling, S.; Schneider, C.


2D Materials. Online journal 7 (2020), No.3, Art. 035025, 9 pp.
ISSN: 2053-1583
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()
crystals; excitons; magnetic fields; monolayers; transition metals

Strong spin-orbit coupling and inversion symmetry breaking in transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers yield the intriguing effects of valley-dependent optical selection rules. As such, it is possible to substantially polarize valley excitons with chiral light and furthermore create coherent superpositions of K and K' polarized states. Yet, at ambient conditions dephasing usually becomes too dominant, and valley coherence typically is not observable. Here, we demonstrate that valley coherence is, however, clearly observable for a single monolayer of WSe2, if it is strongly coupled to the optical mode of a high quality factor microcavity. The azimuthal vector, representing the phase of the valley coherent superposition, can be directly manipulated by applying magnetic fields, and furthermore, it sensibly reacts to the polarization anisotropy of the cavity which represents an artificial magnetic field. Our results are in qualitative and quantitative agreement with our model based on pseudospin rate equations, accounting for both effects of real and pseudo-magnetic fields.