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Testing the bioaccumulation potential of manufactured nanomaterials in the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca

: Kühr, Sebastian; Kaegi, R.; Maletzki, D.; Schlechtriem, C.

Fulltext ()

Chemosphere 263 (2021), Art. 127961, 15 pp.
ISSN: 0045-6535
ISSN: 0366-7111
ISSN: 1879-1298
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IME ()
bioaccumulation; nanomaterials; nanoparticles; hyalella azteca; risk assessment

Standardized experimental approaches for the quantification of the bioaccumulation potential of nanomaterials in general and in (benthic) invertebrates in particular are currently lacking. We examined the suitability of the benthic freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca for the examination of the bioaccumulation potential of nanomaterials. A flow-through test system that allows the generation of bioconcentration and biomagnification factors was applied. The feasibility of the system was confirmed in a 2-lab comparison study. By carrying out bioconcentration and biomagnification studies with gold, titanium dioxide and silver nanoparticles as well as dissolved silver (AgNO3) we were able to assess the bioaccumulation potential of different types of nanomaterials and their exposure pathways. For this, the animals were examined for their total metal body burden using inductively coupled mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) and for the presence of nanoparticulate burdens using single-particle ICP-MS. The role of released ions was highlighted as being very important for the bioavailability and bioaccumulation of metals from nanoparticles for both examined uptake paths examined (bioconcentration and biomagnification). In 2018 a tiered testing strategy for engineered nanomaterials was proposed by Handy et al. that may allow a waiver of bioaccumulation fish studies using inter alia invertebrates. Data gained in studies carried out with invertebrates like the developed Hyalella azteca test may be included in this proposed tiered testing strategy.