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Aluminum nanopowders produced by electrical explosion of wires and passivated by non-inert coatings: Characterisation and reactivity with air and water

: Gromov, A.A.; Förter-Barth, U.; Teipel, U.


Powder Technology 164 (2006), No.2, pp.111-115
ISSN: 0032-5910
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ICT ()

Results of the comprehensive characterisation of electro-exploded aluminum nanopowders, passivated with the non-inert reagents: oleic acid (C17H33COOH) and stearic acid (C17H35COOH), which were suspended in kerosene and ethanol, amorphous boron, nickel, fluoropolymer and Al2O3 (for a comparison), are discussed. Aluminum nanopowders with a protecting surface show increased stability towards oxidation in air and in water during the storage period. On the basis of the experimental results, a diagram of the formation and stabilization of the coatings is proposed.