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Demonstration of a polariton step potential by local variation of light-matter coupling in a van-der-Waals heterostructure

: Rupprecht, C.; Klaas, M.; Knopf, H.; Taniguchi, T.; Watanabe, K.; Qin, Y.; Tongay, S.; Schröder, S.; Eilenberger, F.; Höfling, S.; Schneider, C.

Fulltext ()

Optics Express 28 (2020), No.13, pp.18649-18657
ISSN: 1094-4087
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()
exciton; phonon; photon; transition metals; atomically sharp interface

The large oscillator strength of excitons in transition metal dichalcogenide layers facilitates the formation of exciton-polariton resonances for monolayers and van-der-Waals heterostructures embedded in optical microcavities. Here, we show, that locally changing the number of layers in a WSe2/hBN/WSe2 van-der-Waals heterostructure embedded in a monolithic, high-quality-factor cavity gives rise to a local variation of the coupling strength. This effect yields a polaritonic stair case potential, which we demonstrate at room temperature. Our result paves the way towards engineering local polaritonic potentials at length scales down to atomically sharp interfaces, based on purely modifying its real part contribution via the coherent light-matter coupling strength g.