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Geometric distortion-compensation via transient numerical simulation for directed energy deposition additive manufacturing

: Biegler, M.; Elsner, B.A.M.; Graf, B.; Rethmeier, M.


Science and technology of welding and joining 25 (2020), No.6, pp.468-475
ISSN: 1362-1718
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPK ()

Components distort during directed energy deposition (DED) additive manufacturing (AM) due to the repeated localised heating. Changing the geometry in such a way that distortion causes it to assume the desired shape – a technique called distortion-compensation – is a promising method to reach geometrically accurate parts. Transient numerical simulation can be used to generate the compensated geometries and severely reduce the amount of necessary experimental trials. This publication demonstrates the simulation-based generation of a distortion-compensated DED build for an industrial-scale component. A transient thermo-mechanical approach is extended for large parts and the accuracy is demonstrated against 3d-scans. The calculated distortions are inverted to derive the compensated geometry and the distortions after a single compensation iteration are reduced by over 65%.