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Electrical Double Layer Capacitance of Curved Graphite Electrodes

: Seebeck, Jannes; Schiffels, Peter; Schweizer, Sabine; Hill, Jörg-Rüdiger; Meißner, Robert Horst


Journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces 124 (2020), No.10, pp.5515-5521
ISSN: 1932-7447
ISSN: 1932-7455
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFAM ()

To improve the understanding of the relation between electrode curvature and energy storage mechanisms, a systematic investigation of the correlation between convex and concave electrode surfaces and the differential capacitance of an electrochemical double layer capacitor using molecular dynamics simulations is presented. Each electrode consists of three layers of curved graphene sheets with a convex and concave surface to which the constant potential method was applied. The differential capacitance shows a fluctuating behavior with respect to the curvature radius of the convex and concave areas of the electrode. The reasons identified for this are differences in the geometric arrangement and solvation of the adsorbed ions as well as a steric hindrance prohibiting further charge accumulation. Because the total differential capacitance is calculated as a weighted average of contributions from concave and convex surfaces, the influence of individual curvatures on the total capacitance is significantly reduced for the total electrode surface.