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Improvement in oxidative stability of versatile peroxidase by flow cytometry-based high-throughput screening system

: Ilić Đurđić, K.; Ece, S.; Ostafe, R.; Vogel, S.; Schillberg, S.; Fischer, R.; Prodanović, R.


Biochemical engineering journal 157 (2020), Art.107555
ISSN: 1369-703X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Pleurotus eryngii wild-type versatile peroxidase (wtVP) oxidizes structurally diverse substrates in an H2O2-dependent manner, but its ability to oxidize many pollutants is limited by suicidal enzyme inactivation in the presence of excess H2O2. To address this drawback, we generated random mutagenesis libraries containing 3 × 106 mutated VP genes and screened for enzymes with higher oxidative stability expressed on the surface of yeast cells. This was achieved by flow cytometry using the substrate fluorescein tyramide. After two rounds of sorting, the percentage of cells expressing variants with improved oxidative stability had increased from 1 % to 56 %. The most stable variants featured 3–5 amino acid substitutions and retained up to 70 % of their initial activity after incubation for 1 h in 30 mM H2O2 (conditions that completely inactivate wtVP). Selected variants were extracted from yeast cell walls and purified for kinetic characterization. We also prepared yeast cell walls with wtVP and the three most stable VP variants for multiple cycles of azo dye (Reactive black 5) degradation. After 10 cycles of 12 h, two of the variants retained more than 97 % of their initial activity, whereas the activity of wtVP declined by ∼30 %. These results confirm that our high-throughput screening system can improve the oxidative stability of versatile peroxidase, providing a source of novel enzymes for remediation applications.