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General Video Coding Technology in Responses to the Joint Call for Proposals on Video Compression With Capability Beyond HEVC

: Bross, B.; Andersson, K.; Bläser, M.; Drugeon, V.; Kim, S.-H.; Lainema, J.; Li, J.; Liu, S.; Ohm, J.-R.; Sullivan, G.J.; Yu, R.

Fulltext ()

IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology 30 (2020), No.5, pp.1226-1240
ISSN: 1051-8215
ISSN: 1558-2205
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer HHI ()

After the development of the High-Efficiency Video Coding Standard (HEVC), ITU-T VCEG and ISO/IEC MPEG formed the Joint Video Exploration Team (JVET), which started exploring video coding technology with higher coding efficiency, including development of a Joint Exploration Model (JEM) algorithm and a corresponding software implementation. The technology explored in the last version of the JEM further increases the compression capabilities of the hybrid video coding approach by adding new tools, reaching up to 30% bit rate reduction compared to HEVC based on the Bjøntegaard delta bit rate (BD-rate) metric, and further improvement beyond that in terms of subjective visual quality. This provided enough evidence to issue a joint Call for Proposals (CfP) for a new standardization activity now known as Versatile Video Coding (VVC). All technology proposed in the responses to the CfP was based on the classic block-based hybrid video coding design, extending it by new elements of partitioning, intra- and inter-picture prediction, prediction signal filtering, transforms, quantization/scaling, entropy coding, and in-loop filtering. This article provides an overview of technology that was proposed in the responses to the CfP, with a focus on techniques that were not already explored in the JEM context.