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Seeded growth synthesis of zirconia@gold particles in aqueous solution

: Dahl, G.T.; Krueger, J.-D.; Döring, S.; Weller, H.; Vossmeyer, T.

Fulltext ()

Nanomaterials 10 (2020), No.6, Art. 1197, 10 pp.
ISSN: 2079-4991
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IAP ()

Metal-ceramic composite particles are of increasing interest due to their potential applications in photonic metamaterials as well as next-generation catalysts. The zirconia-gold system has received little attention due to the lack of controllable preparation methods. Well-known methods for the deposition of gold nanoshells on silica spheres, however, should be adaptable for similar zirconia-based materials. Here, we present a novel synthetic approach to the well-controlled deposition of gold on the surface of sol-gel derived zirconia mesoparticles by a stepwise method involving the immobilization of gold nanoparticles and repeated seeded-growth steps. We show that the immobilization efficiency is strongly enhanced by acidification with hydrochloric acid and additional employment of aminomethylphosphonic acid as coupling agent. The optimum conditions are identified and the subsequent incremental growth by seeded reduction of gold is demonstrated. The results shed light on the parameters governing the preparation of zirconia@gold composite particles and our synthetic approach provides a promising tool for future developments in complex nanomaterials design.