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From Femtosecond to Nanosecond Laser Microstructuring of Conical Aluminum Surfaces by Reactive Gas Assisted Laser Ablation

: Rauh, S.; Wöbbeking, K.; Li, M.; Schade, W.; Hübner, E.G.

Fulltext ()

ChemPhysChem 21 (2020), No.15, pp.1644-1652
ISSN: 1439-4235
ISSN: 1439-7641
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer HHI ()

A conical microstructure is one of the most versatile surface textures obtained by ultrashort laser micromachining. Besides an increased surface area, unique surface properties such as superhydrophilicity, increased absorptivity and thermal emissivity can be tailored. On metals, usually ultrashort laser pulses in the femtosecond to low picosecond range are used to obtain these surface structures, while nanosecond laser pulses favor melting processes. Here, we report on an investigation of reactive gas atmospheres such as oxygen, steam and halogens during laser micromachining of aluminium with 6 ns laser pulses. At a reduced pressure of 20 hPa (air) with additional iodine vapor as reactive species, we found a perfectly microconical structured surface to be formed with nanosecond laser pulses. The resulting surface structures were proven to be free of residual halogens. The application of nanosecond instead of femtosecond laser pulses for the surface structuring process allows to apply significantly less complex laser sources.