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Crystal growth velocities of a highly anisotropic phase obtained via surface and volume crystallization of barium-strontium-zinc silicate glasses

: Waurischk, T.; Thieme, C.; Rüssel, C.


Journal of Materials Science : JMS 55 (2020), No.24, pp.10364-10374
ISSN: 0022-2461
ISSN: 1573-4803
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

In the past few years, a new phase, Ba0.5Sr0.5Zn2Si2O7 with negative thermal expansion has been described in the literature. Some excess of SiO2 is necessary to produce glasses from which the Ba0.5Sr0.5Zn2Si2O7 phase can be crystallized. Unfortunately, in such glasses usually surface crystallization occurs; however, the addition of nucleating agents such as trace quantities of platinum or relatively high quantities of ZrO2 is necessary to achieve bulk nucleation. These additional components also affect the crystal growth velocity, which furthermore is different for crystal growth from the surface and in the bulk. In this paper, three different chemical compositions containing different ZrO2 concentrations, where one composition additionally contains 100 ppm platinum, are studied with respect to their crystallization behaviour. Although the compositions do not differ much, the crystallization behaviour and also the crystal growth velocities are surprisingly different.