Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Surface modified ZrO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles embedded in organic photopolymers for highly effective and UV-stable volume holograms

: Sakhno, O.V.; Goldenberg, L.M.; Stumpe, J.; Smirnova, T.N.


Nanotechnology 18 (2007), No.10, Art. 105704, 7 pp.
ISSN: 0957-4484
ISSN: 1361-6528
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()

The improved synthesis of large quantities of small ( hydrodynamic diameter 6-8 nm) TiO2 and ZrO2 nanoparticles tailored as a high refractive index agent in holographic acrylate photopolymer composites has been developed. The surface of the particles was modified by p-dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid ( organic shell weight fraction is about 50-70%) to render them highly compatible with organic monomer mixtures avoiding aggregation. The exposure to the interference pattern provides fast one-step formation of permanent highly efficient volume phase gratings with excellent transparency in the visible range. A high refractive index modulation amplitude n(1) of about 0.0165 has been achieved in the composites containing 25 wt% of TiO2 nanoparticles. The level of light scattering in the gratings does not exceed 8-10% compared to the film without nanoparticles. The holographic grating based on acrylates doped with ZrO2 nanoparticles, first employed in this work, exhibited high photostability in contrast to holographic nanocomposites with TiO2 nanoparticles. Possible applications of such photocurable organic-inorganic nanocomposites are holographic diffractive elements for a number of optical and electro-optical applications or devices based on ordered arrays of functional nanoparticles within organic films.