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Modeling continuous-time stochastic processes using N-Curve mixtures

: Hug, Ronny; Hübner, Wolfgang; Arens, Michael

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Online im WWW, 2019, arXiV:1908.04030v4, 25 pp.
Report, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
multi-step sequence prediction; Stochastic Process Modeling; Bezier Curves; Mixture Density Networks

Representations of sequential data are commonly based on the assumption that observed sequences are realizations of an unknown underlying stochastic process, where the learning problem includes determination of the model parameters. In this context the model must be able to capture the multi-modal nature of the data, without blurring between modes. This property is essential for applications like trajectory prediction or human motion modeling. Towards this end, a neural network model for continuous-time stochastic processes usable for sequence prediction is proposed. The model is based on Mixture Density Networks using Bézier curves with Gaussian random variables as control points (abbrev.: N-Curves). Key advantages of the model include the ability of generating smooth multi-mode predictions in a single inference step which reduces the need for Monte Carlo simulation, as required in many multi-step prediction models, based on state-of-the-art neural networks. Essential properties of the proposed approach are illustrated by several toy examples and the task of multi-step sequence prediction. Further, the model performance is evaluated on two real world use-cases, i.e. human trajectory prediction and human motion modeling, outperforming different state-of-the-art models.